Discriminations Laws in the UK extend responsibility to Employers towards disabled applicants.
The duty not to discriminate is prevalent at each stage of the process and includes Advert for recruitment, the interview process and the decision process to offer the position.
It is unlawful under the Equality Act to ask the Applicant about their health or disabilities. However, there are exceptions to this and Employers can ask if there are adjustments which need to be made for the interview process. This may be accessibility of the room or maybe longer period to allow for dyslexic applicants to undertake a written test.
Only after an Employer has been offered the position can they ask for a medical to access the ability of the Applicant to be able undertake the duties required of the employment position. Such offer of Employment should be based on the condition of successfully being medically accessed of being able to meet the Employment duties criteria. The position may require night work, lone working or strenuous work and if the applicant does not meet the criteria due to medical reasons the Employer may be able to withdraw the Employment offer. But first reasonable adjustments should be considered.
To consider reasonable adjustments the Employer should consult firstly with the successful Applicant and consult on what may be required to help the applicant to fulfil the role. Employers may need the assistance of professional experts such as Occupational Therapist, Health and Safety Advisers or maybe their Legal Representative.
The Equality Act tells us that considerations for denying making reasonable adjusts could be factors such as cost, practicality of implementation of the reasonable adjustment and the adjustments effectiveness.
Employers if you require guidance contact Salena Dawson on 01953 883535. Onsite advice is available and reasonable retainment packages for small businesses which give peace of mind at affordable prices. City Expertise, Locally.
If you are an applicant wo believes they have been discriminated against telephone for a free initial appointment. No Win No Fee may be available thereafter.
Supreme Court has ruled that fees for those bringing Employment Claims are unlawful, this will now lead to the Government repaying Claimants the fees paid for bringing Employment Tribunal Claims. So if you bought an Employment Claim between 2013 to date and paid a fee – it will be returned to you.
The Supreme Court ruled that the government was acting unlawfully and unconstitutionally when it introduced the fees. Justice Minister Dominic Raab said the government would cease taking fees for Employment Tribunals immediately.
If you believe you have been unfairly dismissed, suffered a breach of your Employment Contract, been subjected to discrimination in the workplace please do book a FREE appointment with Salena Dawson. Some claims thereafter may be eligible for No Win No Fee. 01953 883535
1.) Business Rates
From April 1st, the changes after revaluation of the business rates could enter in full. If your business rates have increased, you may be eligible for a temporary reduction. Contact your local authority for assistance.
2.) Changes to appealing business rates
If you believe your business rates have been overvalued, there is now a three-stage process in appealing the increase. To appeal, there is a £150 upfront charge, which is refunded if you are successful with your appeal.
3.) Introduction of the Lifetime ISA
From April 6th, the government introduces a new individual savings account, the Lifetime ISA. There are, however, limitations. Savers need to be under 40, and then they can put up to £4000 pounds a year into the new ISA, and this will be topped up by the government with a 25% bonus.
4.) The National Living Wage
If you are aged 25 and over, the Living Wage increased from the 1st April, to £7.50. For a full list of the increase of National Minimum Wage, look at the government website.
5.) Water Market changes
Businesses in England can now choose which company they want to supply their retail water service. You are no longer tied to a regional water firm, and therefore, may look around for a potentially cheaper service.
6.) New £1 Coin
The 12-sided £1 coin has arrived. Be aware that the old ones can be used up until the 15th October 2017. Thereafter, you will not be able to give out the old pound coins as change. There will be a limited amnesty, where any coins you have will be able to be deposited into your business bank account, after the 16th October. Do check what your bank’s policy will be.
7.) VAT Flat Rate Scheme
There are changes to the tax rates, and eligibility criteria, for some small businesses. Do check with your accountant, as to whether or not changes affect your business.
If you want further advice as to whether or not legislated changes affect your business, or your business practice, appointments can be booked with Salena Dawson, on 01953 883535.
IHT is payable within 6 months, from the end of the month in which a person has died. If an Executor fails to pay the Inheritance Tax during this time period, then interest becomes accrued. If the Executors are having difficulties in securing the monies to pay the due IHT, they can make monthly payments to HMRC on account of full payments.
IHT becomes available when somebody dies, and their Estate is over £325,000 (April 2017).
The tax payable is 40% above the Nil Rate Band (£325,000). This reduces to 36%, if more than 10% of the Estate is given to a charity.
There are ways, during your lifetime, that you can seek to reduce your Inheritance Tax liability, so that more of your Estate goes to those loved ones left behind.
1.) If you are married or in a civil partnership, your Estate will sweep to your surviving spouse. This means that there is a spousal exemption, and Inheritance Tax is not payable whilst your spouse survives you.
2.) Unused IHT allowance can be transferred between spouses, and this transference happens upon the second of you passing. Note, however, that only the part of the IHT that has not been transferred upon the first person’s death can be used. For example, if your husband or wife or civil partner transferred £100,000 on their death, upon you also passing, your Nil Rate Band would be £550,000, not £650,000.
3.) If, during your lifetime, you make gifts, this can potentially be an exempt transfer. However, you do need to survive these gifts. If you survive a gift for 7 years, there is no IHT payable. Thereafter, there is a tapering affect. If you die within the first 3 years, 100% IHT is payable. Then, after 3-4 years, 80% becomes payable. At 4-5 years, 60% is payable, and so on.
4.) You could also make a £3,000 a year gift. You can carry this forward to the next tax year, and therefore, if no gift was made in the previous year, you can make a one-off gift of £6,000.
5.) Gifts can be made upon marriages, and, depending on whether or not it is to your child or grandchild, will be dependent upon that sum.
We have all heard the headlines that changes are due to come into effect from the 6th April 2017, which eventually, by 2020, will give a residence Nil Rate Band of up to £1,000,000. However, this is a gradual Band. On the 6th April 2017, every person will receive £100,000 Resident Nil Rate Band, only if you leave your property to your children or grandchildren. The total amount of the rise by 2020 will be £175,000, on top of the current Nil Rate Band, and if you are married, this gets you to the million-pound mark.
If you would like further advice on how to protect your Estate, do contact 01953 883535 to book an appointment with one of our solicitors. Dawsons Law also provides advice and assistance on Wills, Probate, and Lasting Powers of Attorney, all for competitive fees, which are transparent.
Say you’ve made a Will, it’s your Will, it’s your money, presumably if you have mental capacity you can leave your money to whomever you wish. This is what the late Melita Jackson believed when she left most of her Estate to charities but not a penny to her daughter, Heather Illot, who challenged the Will.
The estranged daughter was initially warded £50,000 by the Judge, the mother’s Estate which she was cut out of, was worth in the region of £500,000. The ward was then tripled on Appeal, the Charities challenged this increase saying people should be free to choose who they wish to leave their monies to, the Court agreed and Mrs. Illot then received only the original amount.
The story after death creates the drama there was in life. Mrs. Illot, the only child, says she was rejected by her Mother at the age of 17 after she left home to live with her boyfriend whom she later married. They never reconciled their differences, there was no contact and therefore Mrs. Jackson left nothing to her daughter but almost everything to the Blue Cross, The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. It seems in 2007 when Mrs. Illot appealed her Mothers Will she was living on State benefits and had no pension. The sum was increased in 2015 in order to allow Mrs. Illot to buy her own Council property. The Court ruled that Mrs. Illot would otherwise face a life of poverty because she was on benefits and could not afford to go on holiday or buy clothes for her children. The award was given despite that fact that Mrs. Jackson, who died in 2004, made it crystal clear she did not want her estranged daughter to have a penny of her money. This was reiterated to Mrs. Jacksons solicitors by a letter she wrote prior to her death. She explicitly instructed the Executors to fight any claim made by Mrs. Illot after her death. The Supreme Court Justices were told that the Appeal against that increase had been brought by the animal charities largely on principle because of the possible impact on other cases. The Supreme Court re-established the original award of £50,000.
The claim was brought under the Inheritance Act which allows provision for family and dependants in reasonable circumstances. If you are seeking to exclude a family member from your Will or seeking to dispute non-provision in a Will GET ADVICE. Contact us on 01953 883535.
It seems that many believe that Divorce is a simple application to the court where a person relies on one of the five grounds for divorce to evidence the irretrievably breakdown of a marriage, and the belief remains the family court will simply grant the Divorce. This is not the case as Tini Owens aged 66 has recently found out.
Tini to the Court “she is desperately unhappy” in her 39-year marriage. But court has refused to grant her a Divorce on the written evidence she has provided. The court heard Mrs Owens arguments as to why her marriage had broken down but her husband Mr Owens disagreed and believe that the couple “have more years yet to enjoy”.
Mrs Owens initial application to the Family Court, last year for a Divorce was ruled against with the Judge stating “her allegations were of the kind to be expected in marriage”. Mrs Owens appealed that decision and on Tuesday three Appeal Judges analysed the Family Courts decision. It seems that Mrs Owens had made 27 applications about the way her husband had treated her, including that he was “insensitive in his manner and tone” and she was “constantly mistrusted”. She also was suggested that there was no chance of reconciliation. It seems her husband disagreed and denied the allegations made against him. It was for the judges to consider if the “cumulative effect” of what might be classed as a long list of trivial matters would indeed lead to the grounds of unreasonable behaviour allowing for the Divorce.
Her husband’s legal representatives argued that “at the moment as the law stands, unhappiness, discontent disillusionment are not facts which the petitioner can rely upon as fact which prove irretrievable breakdown.”.
We now await a decision of the court and therefore Mr & Mrs Owens continue to be married.
If your Relationship, Civil Partnership or Marriage has broken down and you seek advise you first initial appointment with Sophie Mitchell would be free. Telephone the office on 01953 883535 for further details.
This Valentine’s Day Employers may be forgiven for feeling somewhat “humbug” regarding romance as this day of love triggers individuals to take that additional step and ask the person they have had a crush on for some time out on a date. Given that the majority of individual’s time is spent in the workplace it is not unusual that such a declaration of intent to want to date or declaration of love are not announced within the workplace. Rather than encourage such workplace romances Employers should be encouraged to look towards their relationship at work policy to establish if there are any breaches by the pending love birds.
As an Employer when you reach for that Work Handbook and note that there is no such policy, a wave of dread might wash over you. Having two Employees form a personal relationship can have a huge impact within the workplace. As an Employer, what are you going to do in relation to kissing or holding hands between the “lovebirds” in the workplace, what about those e-mail communications that are sent via your e-mail system and if the relationship breaks down how will the atmosphere between the parties effect your other employees and what happens when all those “lovey dovey” e-mail messages start becoming a cause of concern.
If one of the love bird’s behaviour becomes inappropriate what, as an Employer would you do to bring the employee back into line?
The truth is the impact of relationships to a small business can be huge and so can the fines that small business owner could have to pay out if sexual harassment is established.
Even solicitor’s firms are not immune to large pay-outs for sexual harassment. In August 2015 Bolton based AA Solicitors Ltd was ordered to pay £20,000.00 to a younger female Solicitor after the young female Solicitor was dismissed when she declined his advances. More recently a small business owner has been ordered to pay £4,500.00 for persistently informing a male colleague that he should ask a female colleague out on a date. This made the male employee feel extremely uncomfortable at work especially given the female colleague had already got a boyfriend. £4,500.00 for many small business is a large sum to pay and therefore we would strongly encourage business to ensure a workplace policy dealing with purpose of relationships.
Our colleagues over the pond are now introducing “Love Contracts” which require Employees in relationships at work to confirm that they are both in a consensual relationship and signs them up to dos and don’ts within the workplace. Thankfully such contracts here are not required and certainly not encouraged by us and actually depending on the restraints that play upon the individuals could be deemed as a breach of human rights and certainly such contracts are not enforceable within the Employment Tribunals currently.
If our Employments Services department can help you with the preparing of policies and procedures, please do contact Salena Dawson for a transparent quote.
Wishing you all a very happy Valentine’s Day.
Separation and Divorce often leads to uncertainty, arguments, disagreement and some very difficult discussions between the parties.
Even through the conciliatory act of mediation, separating couples find themselves talking about how the break will affect them in the short and long term and that fine detail can seem like a vast ocean to cross especially as it comes under the header of “Negotiation”.
The PM’s long awaited speech set out the objectives for the UK’s divorce from the EU. Like many couples who begin by believing that holding on to some aspects of the assets may be beneficial, as time moves it becomes more apparent a Clean Break is Desirable and the time has come just to get on with.
The New Global UK’s ambition has been set. It intends to leave the EU single market, Gain Control Over Immigration, Be in Control of its Own Laws and seek a new Custom Arrangement. Although these are big factors, couples make a similar list at a domestic level: house, bank accounts, cat, kids, shed, holiday home?
You could be forgiven for thinking of Bridget Jones throughout Mrs Mays speech, the part where empowered music plays and Bridget takes back control of her life. Mrs May was clear to Europe and her opposition, its time to do what’s right for the nation. Like parents on separation – its time to act in the children’s best interests.
The PM’s pledge is ambitious and only time will tell if it is achievable. However Sometimes in separation it is difficult to appreciate there is life around the corner. What you must do is rely heavily on the support you must stay strong professional and other wise.
Dawsons Law pride themselves in assisting couples get that position of co-operation after separation and divorce. Perhaps the PM should give us a call 01953 883535
The laws on children car seats is soon to change with the new regulations set to be in force from March 2017. But do you know what these changes are? Are YOU ready?
The rules on children travelling on backless booster seats are set to change.
At the moment, it is usually children who are over the age of three years and by law must weigh more than 15 kilograms who can travel in a car on a backless booster seat.
From March the rules will state that a child may only travel on a backless booster seat if they weigh more than 22 kilograms and they are more than 125 centimetres tall. It is believed that these new requirements will improve the safety of children travelling in a car in the event of a side on crash.
These changes will affect the whole of the United Kingdom.
DON’T PANIC! Although these changes are due to be enforced from March, if you already have a car seat for your child you will not need to buy a new one to comply with the new rules. The car seats available now do meet the current safety standards required.
The consequences for not having a child travel on the correct car seat can be a £30.00 fine for the driver of the vehicle. If the case goes to court, the maximum fine is £500.00.
Dawsons Law is your Solicitors Firm; we are here to serve you. If you require legal advice in relation to your children or family, put your mind at ease and contact us on 01953 883535 or 01603 813920.
The causes of dementia have been linked to where people live, with research indicating that approximately 11% of dementia cases in people who live within fifty metres of busy roads could be due to the volume of traffic. The study found that the further away from a busy road you live the lower the risk of dementia.
Of course, this is new information and further research will be conducted on these findings. There are many risk factors for dementia such as ageing, genetics, smoking, physical inactivity and unhealthy diet to name a few…
In fact, nearly 50 million people suffer from dementia worldwide.
So how can you prepare for the unthinkable in case you brain and mind does not work in later years as it does now? BY PREPARING LASTING POWERS OF ATTORNEY NOW!
Appoint the people you trust to make future decisions on your behalf and in your best interests to protect you if you are no longer able to make those decisions. Did you forget to make a New Years Resolution for this year? Why not speak to your family and friends and make these decisions now so you are prepared for what the future brings your way. Plus, it will be a tick off the list of things to do you had been putting off last year!
There are two types of Lasting Power of Attorney; Health and Welfare, and Property and Financial Affairs so all aspects of your personal care and your financial matters can be dealt with if the unimaginable happens by having both types prepared.
We are able to prepare Lasting Powers of Attorney for both Health and Welfare, and, Property and Financial Affairs, for a Fixed Fee price of £350.00 plus VAT which includes our work to register them with the court. There is also a registration fee payable to the Office of Public Guardian of £110.00 per document which may be payable to the court. Fee Remission may apply in some circumstances.
Get ahead and prepare for your future this New Year, book an appointment by calling either 01953 883535 or 01603 813920.